Native Language Groupings and Associate Tribes

The following language groups and the nations belonging to each group may not be a complete one. If nations or sub-nations are found to be incorrect, please inform us. This list does not include Canada, Alaska, or the Island natives but just those on the now know United States of America lands.
This list was compiled from various sources [1] by myself – karenwhitedove aka Karen M. Johnson. This work took many hours with cross referencing.
Copies may be made with the source line intact. Thank you.

Algonquian: (largest language group) [2] Abnaki/Abneki (called themselves ‘Wabunaki’ which means: ‘those living at the sunrise’)
Arapahoe
Arosaguntacock
Atakapa
Auk
Blackfoot
Blood
Bungi
Cahokia (were the pre-mound builders of the Mississippi):
Cheyenne
Chickhominy
Chilkat
Chippewa/Ojibwe
Choctaw/Chahta (original name ‘okla homa’ meaning ‘red people’)
Choushatta
Convoy
Croatan
Delaware/ancient name: Lenni-Lenape (means: ‘men of our nation’)
Eel River[3] Fox/ancient name: Mesquaki (means: red earth people)
Henya
Hoonah
Hootznahoo
Housetonic
Illinois
Kake
Kaluschian
Kaskaskia
Kickapoo/ancient name: Kiwigapawa (means: he moves about, standing now here, now there)
Killisnoo
Kitamat
Koasati/Choushatta/Koasota
Kolash
Kootenai/Kootenay/Kutenai
Kutenai
Mahican[4]/River
Malecite
Maliseet
Mascouten
Massachusett
Mattapony
Menominee
Miami/Maumee/Twightwee (Chippewa called them ‘omaumeg’ which means ‘people who live on the peninsula’):
Michigamea
Micmac
Mikwak/Mikwanak
Moingwena
Montagnais
Montauk
Moor
Munsee
Muskwaki
Nanticoke
Narragansett
Naskapi
Nauset
Niantic
Nipissing
Nipmuck
Norridgewock
Nottaway
Ottawa
Pamaunkey
Passamaquoddy
Pennocook/Pennacock
Penobscot
Peoria/Piware, Peouaria
Pequot
Piankashaw
Piegan Blackfoot
Piware
Pokanoket
Potawatomi
Powhatan
Salteaux
Sanya
Sauk/Sac
Shawnee
Shinnecock
Siksika
Sokoki
Stockbridge
Tamaroa
Tlingit
Tongass (meaning derived from Waco for ‘they all stick together’)
Tonkawa
Tunica
Twightwee
Unalachtigo
Unami
Wabunaki
Wahunsonacock
Wampanoag
Wappinger
Wawyachtonoc
Wea
Wesort
Wiyot
Yurok

Athapascan: 
Ahtena
Apache (Zunis called them ‘apachu’ meaning: ‘enemy’. Apaches called themselves ‘N’de, Indi, Tende which means: ‘people.’)
Aravaipa
Chasta-Costa
Chilocotin
Chiricahua (means: ‘mountain’)
Hupa/Hoopa
Inde
Jicarilla (means: ‘little basket’)
Kato
Kwalhioqua
Lipan/ancient name: Tcicihi (means: ‘people of the forest’)
Mattole
Mescalero (means: ‘mescal people’)
N’de
Navajo/Dineh/Navaho
Sarsi
Tinde
Tolowa
Tonto
Wailaki
Western
White Mountain
Willopah

Caddoan:
Anadarko/Anadaca/Anadacao/Anadahcoe/Nadako (means: ‘those who eat the honey of the honey bee’)
Arikara/Arikaree (means: corn eaters)
Caddo/ancient name: Kadohadacho (means: ‘real chiefs)[5] Hainai
Honeches
Huanchane
Kadohadacho
Kichai/Kitsash/Keechi (means: ‘red shield’)
Ousita
Panis
Tawakoni
Tawehash
Towiache
Waco
Wichita (Name derived from Choctaw ‘wia chitah’ which means: ‘big arbor’ or ‘big platform’ because they were agriculturally based while being a plains nation.)
Wusita
Coahuiltecan:
Karankawa

 Hokan:
Achumawi/Achomawi
Akwaala
Atsugewi
Chaui/Grand
Choya’ha
Chumash
Cocopa
Diegueno
Euchee
Havasupai/Supai
Kamia
Karok
Kavelechadom
Kitkehahki/Republic
Kohuana
Maricopa
Modoc
Mojave/Mohave
Natchez[6] (From Cocktaw ‘nakini sakii’ which means: ‘warriors of the high bluff’.)
Pawnee/Pani/Pana/Panana/Panamaha/Panimaha
Pit River
Pitahauerat
Pomo
Quechan
Quiveras[7] Salina
Shasta
Skidi/Skedee/Wolf
Tappage
Tipai
Tsoya’ha
Uchee
Walapai
Washoe/Washo
Yahi
Yana
Yavapai
Yuchi
Yuki
Yuma

Iroquoian:
Cayuga
Cherokee/ancient name: Tsalagi (Called ‘Chalakki’ by Chocktaws.)
Chickamauga
Conestoga
Erie (means: ‘at the place of the panther’. Sometimes called ‘cat’ Indians.)[8] Huron
Meherrin
Mohawk
Neutral
Onandaga
Oneida
Petun
Secotan
Seneca
Susquehannock
Tionontati
Tuscarora
Wyandot
Lutuamian:
Klamath
Modoc

Mosan[9]:
Chimakuan

Muskogean:
Abihki
Alabama
Alachua
Alis
Apachicola/Apalachee
Atasi
Ays
Biloxi
Calusa
Chiaha
Chickasaw (means: ‘they left as a tribe a very great while ago’)
Chitimacha
Coosa*[10] Coweta*
Creek/Muskoke
Euchee
Eufaula
Guale
Hilabia
Hitchiti/Ahit’chita (means: ‘look up the stream’)
Kasihta/Cusseta*
Kolomi
Mayucas
Miccosukee/Mikasuki
Ocone
Okchai
Pankana
Sawokli
Secontan
Seminole
Taensa
Taskigi
Tegesta
Timiquan
Tocabago
Tukabahchee*
Tuskogee/Taskigi/Tuskegee
Upper Creek
Yanasee

Penutian:
Alsea
Buena Vista
Calapooya
Cascade
Cayuse
Celilo
Chinook
Chukchansi
Clatsop
Coos
Hoh
John Day
Kalapuya
Kathlamet
Kititas/Kittitas
Klikitat
Maidu
Micai
MiWok
Molale/Molalla
Multnomah
Nez Perce
Nisenan/Nishinam
Palouse/Palus
Patwin
Psanwapam
Rock Creek
Sahaptini
Sinkquaius
Siuslaw
Takelma
Tenino
Tsimshian
Tygh Valley
Umatilla
Umpqua
Wahkiakim
WallaWalla
Walua
Wanapam
Wappo
Wasco
Wauyukma
Wintun/Winta
Yakima
Yaquina
Yokuts 

Salishan:
Chehalis
Chelan
Chemakum
Chewelah
Clallam/Klallam
Coeur d’ Alene
Colville
Copalis
Cowichan
Cowlitz
Duwamish
Flathead
Hoh
Humptulips
Kalispel
Klatskanie/Clatskanie
Lower Pend d’Oreille
Lummi
Methow
Muckleshoot
Nespelem
Nisqually/Nisquali
Nooksack/Nooksak
Norridgewock
Ozette
Pend d’Oreille
Puyallup (means: ‘generous people’)
Quileute
Quinault
Samish
Satsop
Semiahmoo
Sinkaietk
Spokanes
Taidnapam
Thompson
Tillamook
Twana
Wenatchi
Wynochee

Siouan:
Absaroka
Arkansa Osage
Assiniboin (means: ‘one who cooks with stones’)
Atsina Proper
Awatixa/Awaxawi
Blackfoot Sioux
Brule
Capaha
Catawba (Name from Yuchi ‘kotaba’ which means: ‘strong people’. Called themselves ‘Iswa or ‘Ysa’.)
Choya’ha
Crow/ancient name: Absaroka (means: ‘children of the large-beaked bird’)
Dakota
Gros Ventre
Hidatsa
Hunkpapa
Iowa
Iowa/ancient name: Ai’yume (means: ‘marrow’)
Kansa/Kaw (means: ‘southwind people’)
Kite/Staitan
Lakota
Little Osage
Lumbee
M’dewkanton
Mandan
Minneconjou
Missouri
Miuneconjou
Nakota
No Bows
Oglala
Omaha
Osage
Otchente Chakowin
Oto/Otoe
Pacaha
Ponca/Ponka/Panka/Punka
Quapaw
Sans Arc
Santa Sioux
Santee
Sioux
Sisseton
Teton
Tutelo
Two Kettle
Wahpekute
Wahpeton
Winnebago
Yankton
Yanktonai/Little Yankton
Ysa
Yuchi

 Uto-Aztecan:
Agaiduka
Agaiduka
Agua Caliente
Anasazi
Arapaho/Arapahoe (Name from Pawnees ‘tirapihu/larapihu’ which means: ‘he buys or trades’. Called themselves ‘irvna-ina’ which means: ‘people of our own kind’.)
Bannock
Boise
Box Elder
Bruneau
Cahuilla
Cochiti Pueblo.
Comanche (Name from Spanish ‘camino ancho’ which means ‘wide trail’.)
Costanoan
Cumumbah
Cupeno
Digger
Fernandeno
Gabrieleno
Gosiute
Green River Snake
Halchidhoma
Hohokam (prehistoric ancestors of the Pima/Puma & Papago tribes)
Hopi/ancient name: Hopitu (‘Hopi’ in Spanish means ‘people.’ ‘Hopitu’ means: ‘peaceful ones)
Juaneno
Kawaiisu
Kiowa
Kogohue
Koso
Laguna
Lemhi
Luiseno
Mono
Nambe
Ohlone
Pahvant
Paiute
Panamint
Papago
Paviotso/Northern Paiute
Pahvant
Picuris
Pima
Pohogue
Pojoaque
Pueblo
Quahadi
Quon-di-ats
San Felipe
San Ildefonso
San Nicoleno
Sandia
Santa Ana
Santa Clara
Santo Domingo
Serrano
Sherry-dika
Shoshone
Snake
Taos
Tesuque
Tosawi
Tubatulabal[11] Tukaduka
Ute
Wind River
Yaqui
Zia
Zuni

Wakashan:
Makah/Klasset/Makaw/Micaw

Footnotes:
[1] The book The Encyclopedia of North American Indian Tribes by Bill Yenne was a key source for this listing.

[2] Estimated 250,000+ native people from the Atlantic to the Rocky Mountains as of the mid 1800s.

[3] Merged with Miami.

[4] Mahican of the Northeast coast are not to be confused with Mohicans/Mohegans. Mohegans were probably from the Pequot tribe.

[5] Mounds builders in the southeast attributed to the Caddos.

[6] In 1730 were defeated in a battle against the French which were mistreating the native peoples. The French sold nearly 450 Natchez natives into slavery in the West Indies. The remaining members dispersed among different tribes with a significant among joining the Chickasaw nation.

[7] Noted by explorer Coronado as Pawnee.

[8] Joined with the Senecas.

[9] From the ancient dialect of Wakashan-Salish which is now extinct.

[10] The * tribes indicate the principal ‘sticks’ that constitute the Creek Nation.

[11] Like Tubal-Cain?

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