Author Archives: karenwhitedove

Infant American Indian Son Is Removed from His Native Mother

Wayne William Snellgrove, Fishing Lake First Nation member, experienced first hand what is was to be removed from his American Indian mother’s arms and live without his Indian heritage for many years. We came across Wayne’s devotional book on Facebook and appreciated the deep meditative thoughts written from a American Indian flavor. Here’s his story, […]

History of the Apache Indians

The history of the Apache Indians had over 250 years of war with the Spaniards on their Indian territory. Despite their best efforts, the Apaches tribes never settled the matter of strongly establishing their domain of their lands with the Spaniards. Early History of the Apache Indians… The Apaches first experienced Europeans in 1541. The […]

Chickasaw Indians

 Chiasha Saya. I am Chickasaw… Among the 573 Indian Nations, the Chickasaw Nation are thought to have migrated, mostly likely, from the Northeast Woodland  prior to recorded Chickasaw history. Some archeologists suggests these indigenous people relocated in the 1500s. The Chickasaw Nation migrated to what is now known in the United States as Mississippi, Alabama, […]

Chippewa Indians

There are about 150 bands (15 major ones) of the Chippewas or the Anishinaabe People, as they prefer to call themselves. Anishinaabe means by translation ‘people that were created by Divine breath.’ (See New Testament, Genesis 2:7.)  History of the Early Chippewa Indians…     Their history is recorded on birchbark scrolls not unlike that of […]

Klamaths of the Northwest

They are the Maklaks. They are The People. They have a stand. It is this: naanok ?ans naat sat’waYa. naat ciiwapk diceewa. ‘We help each other; we will live good.’ And good they accomplished… The Klamath Tribes had the rare privilege to remain on the lands from time beyond memory for their people. It is know as Klamath Basin […]


Assiniboine. Pronounced: uh-SIN-uh-boin. Translated: “those who cook with stones.” For they were noted for the ancient cooking technique of dropping heated stones into liquid. Their language: Nakota of the Naduessi or Sioux family. A Jesuit catholic priest named Paul Le Jeune noted in his yearly mission report that they were still a band of the […]

Shoshones of the Great Basin

Sacajawea, Shoshone

‘The Valley People’, they called themselves Newe.  Also referred to as ‘Snake Indians’ because of their location. They are relatives to the Timbisha, Comanches, and Bannocks. Not reaching more than 8000 peoples, they were divided into four large divisions: Shoshone in Wyoming. (They were the buffalo eaters.) Northern Shoshone in Idaho. (Also found in California […]