226 U.S. Federally Non -Recognized Tribal Nations

ManatakaTM American Indian Council Listing of the U.S. Federally Non-Recognized Tribes

(Wikipedia’s information and search has also been added to the information on this page.)

     Unrecognized tribes in the United States are organizations of people who claim to be historically, culturally, and/or genetically related to historic Native American Indian tribes but who are:

1. not officially recognized as Indigenous Nations by the United States federal government or,

2. Not officially recognized as Indigenous Nations under the United States individual states and their separate legislative processes, or

3. Not formally recognized other Indigenous Nations.

    American Indian tribal recognition in the United States most often refers to the process of a tribe being recognized by the United States federal government, or to a person being granted membership to a federally recognized tribe. There are 573 federally recognized tribal governments in the United States. Non-Acknowledged Tribes are tribes which have no federal designation as sovereign entities.

The United States recognizes the right of these tribes to self-government and supports their tribal sovereignty and self-determination. These tribes possess the right to establish the legal requirements for membership. They may form their own government, enforce laws (both civil and criminal), tax, license and regulate activities, zone, and exclude people from tribal territories. Limitations on tribal powers of self-government include the same limitations applicable to states; for example, neither tribes nor states have the power to make war, engage in foreign relations, or coin money.

In some cases, an enrolled member of a federally recognized tribe may have no documented Native American “blood” (biological descent). Some of the Freedmen of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma used to be such members. Following the Civil War, the U.S. government’s 1866 treaty with the defeated Cherokee, who had been Confederate allies, required them to free their slaves and to provide the freedmen with citizenship in the tribe. By recent referendum, the Cherokee Nation limited membership to only those people who could show descent from at least one Native American listed on the Dawes Rolls. This excluded nearly 2000 Cherokee Freedmen, who, with their ancestors, had been participating in the tribe for generations. Litigation on this matter continues.

Those tribes which have already achieved federal recognition do not want the process made easier. Some spokesmen discuss what other kinds of groups might be encouraged, without encroaching on the recognized tribes. Cherokee Nation spokesman Mike Miller suggests that people with an interest in Indian culture can form heritage groups. Federally recognized tribes are suspicious of non-recognized tribes’ efforts to gain acknowledgment, concerned that they may dilute already limited federal benefits.

The federal government’s acknowledges federally recognized Native Nations as an independent Sovereign Nation and recognizes the right of these tribes to self-government and supports their tribal sovereignty and self-determination. They may form their own government, enforce laws (both civil and criminal), tax, license and regulate activities, zone, and exclude people from tribal territories.  Although the United States governering power does provide some autonomy for tribes, their tribal powers of self-government is limited to that of the states of the U.S. Neither tribes nor states have the power to make war, engage in foreign relations, or provide their own paper or coin money.

 

To be federally recognized, a group must meet the following: 

  • Since 1900, it must comprise a distinct community and have existed as a community from historical times;
  • it must have political influence over its members;
  • it must have membership criteria; and
  • it must have membership that consists of individuals who descend from a historical Indian tribe and who are not enrolled in any other tribe.
  • have purposeful contact with the United States government

 

State recognized Native Nations are listed separately in another article. State recognition gives limited benefits under federal law.

As of 06/18/08 there are 226 federally non-recognized tribes. The following unrecognized tribes or bands claim to be of Native American, American Indian, or Métis heritage by ethnicity, but they have no federal or state recognition. This is a developing list. If you know of additions or deletions please email Manatak with the new information through their website: https://manataka.org.

A Federally Non-Recognized Tribe is defined as a formally organized entity that has:

A. Applied for federal recognition and is not yet approved; or

B. Previously recognized and recognition was rescinded; or

C. Applied for federal recognition and was rejected.

ALASKA

1. Five Landless Alaska Tlingit communities left out of the Alaska Native Claims Settlement. No land, no subsistence rights. From Tlingit artist Jesse Cooday

2. Tsimshian Tribe, petitioned 7/72/78 — note: may be an unrecognized band like the above Tlingit, or may have been recognized (there are recognized Tsimshian groups in AK)

ALABAMA

1. Cherokees of Jackson Co., petitioned 9/23/81

2. Cherokees of Southeast Alabama, state recognized; petitioned 5/27/88

3. Cherokees of N.E. Alabama, state recognized

4. Eagle Bear Band of Free Cherokees

5. Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama (state recognized) http://www.cherokeeindiansofalabama.com/

6. Langley Band of Chickamogee Cherokee Indians in the Southeastern United States, petitioned 4/20/94

7. Machia Lower Creeks of Alabama, state recognized; petitioned 6/27/83; acknowledgement declined 8/18/88

8. Mowa Band of Choctaws, state recognized; petitioned 5/27/83; name is in ready status

9. Prinicipal Creek Indian Nation East of the Mississippi, petitioned 6/10/86

10. Star Clan of Muskogee Creek Tribe of Pike Co., state recognized

11. United Cherokees

ARIZONA

1. Barrio Pascua

2. San Juan Southern Paiute

ARKANSAS

1. Revived Ouachita Indians of Arkansas & Amer, petitioned for federal recognition 4/25/90. Very little chance of recognition. Organization is dead.

2. Manataka American Indian Council. Does not want and will never apply for federal recognition.

CALIFORNIA

1. Amah Band of Ohlone/Coastanoans: petitioned 9/18/90

2. American Indian Council of Mariposa Co. , petitioned 4/24/82

3. Antelope Valley Indian Community, petitioned 7/9/76

4. Atahun Shoshones of San Juan Capistrano

5. Big Meadows Lodge Tribe 

6. Calaveras County Band of Miwok Indians 

7. Choinumni Tribe, petitioned 7/14/88

8. Chukchansi Yokotch Tribe, petitioned 5/25/93

9. Coastal Band of Chumash Indians, petitioned 3/25/82

10. Coastanoan Band of Carmel Mission Indians, petitioned 9/16/88

11. Death Valley Timba-Sha Shoshone Band

12. Dunlap Band of Mono Indians, petitioned 1/4/84

13. Federated Coast Miwok Tribe

14. Gabrielino/Tongvah Nation, petitioned 3/21/94

15. Hayfork Band of Nor-El-Muk Wintu Indians, petitioned 1/5/84

16. Hownonquet Community Assoc. 

17. Indian Canyon Band of Coastanoan/Mutsun Indians, petitioned 6/9/89

18. Indian Canyon Band of Coastanoan/Mutsun Indians

19. Ione Band of Miwok Indians, petitioned in 1916, status clarified administratively by BIA 3/22/94

20. Juaneno Band of Mission Indians, petitioned 8/1/82

21. Kern Valley Indian Community, 2/27/79

22. Maidu Nation, petitioned 1/6/77

23. Melochundum Band of Tolowa Indians

24. Mono Lake Indian Community, petitioned 7/9/76

25. Mukwema Ohlone tribe, petitioned 5/9/89

26. Northern Maidu Maidu Tribe

27. Nor-El-Muk Band of Wintun Indians

28. Northfolk Band of Mono Indians, petitioned 9/7/83

29. Ohlone/Coastanoan Muwekma Tribe 

30. San Luis Rey Band of Mission Indians, petitioned 10/18/84

31. Salinan Indian Nation, petitioned 10/10/89

32. Salinan Tribe of Monterey County, petitioned 11/13/93

33. Shasta Tribe, petitioned 5/28/82

34. Tehatchapi Tribe

35. Tolowa-Tututni Tribe

36. Tsnungwe Council, petitioned 9/22/92

37. United Hourma Nation, NC

38. Wintoon Indians, petitioned 10/26/84

39. Wintu Indians of Central Valley, CA, petitioned 10/26/84

40. Wintu Tribe of Northern California, petitioned 8/25/93

41. Wukchunmi Council, petitioned 2/22/88

42. Washoe/Paiute of Antelope Valley, petitioned 7/9/76

43 Yokayo Tribe of Indians, petitioned 3/9/87

COLORADO

1. Munsee Thames River Delaware, 7/22/77; acknowledgement declined, 1/3/83

2. Council for the Benefit of Colorado Winnebagoes, 1/26/93

CONNECTICUT

1. Eastern Pequots of Connecticut. petitioned 6/28/78

2. Golden Hill Paugussett Tribe, petitioned 4/13/82

3. Mohegan Tribe of Indians of Connecticut, petitioned 7/12/78; active consideration 11/1/93

4. Nipmuc Indian Bands

5. Paucatuck Eastern Pequots 

6. Paucatuck Band of Pequot Indians of Connecticut, petitioned 6/20/89

7. Schaghticoke Indian Tribe; Chief Gail Harrison Donavan, Chair P. O. Box 223 Kent, CT 06575

DELAWARE

Nanaticoke Association, petitioned 8/8/78

FLORIDA

1. Creeks E. of the Mississippi, petitioned 3/21/73; acknowledgement denied, 12/21/81

2. Florida Tribe of Eastern Creeks

3. Indian Creek Band Chickamauga Creek & Cherokee Inc. 02/04/05 #278. Babour County, AL 1352 East Lombardy Drive, Deltona , FL 32725

4. Oklewaha Band of Seminoles, petitioned 2/12/90

5. Topachula Tribe

6. Tuscola United Cherokees of Florida & Alabama, Inc., 1/19/79

7. Florida Tribe of Cherokee Indians, Inc. (Ken Johnson, Chief); PO Box 263, Milton, FL 32572 850/564-4484; office@floridacherokee.com http://www.floridacherokee.com

GEORGIA

1. Cane Break Band of E. Cherokees

2. Cherokees of Georgia, Inc., petitioned 1/9/79

3. Georgia Tribe of E. Cherokees, petitioned 8/8/77

4. Lower Muskogee Creek Tribe- E. of the Mississippi, petitioned 2/2/72; acknowledgement declined, 12/21/81

5. Southeastern Cherokee Confederacy, Inc., petitioned 3/9/78

6. Tama Indian Tribe

IDAHO

1. Delawares of Idaho — petitioned 6/26/79

2. Lemhi-Shoshone Tribes was stripped of recognition in 1907. www.lemhishoshone.com Originally in central Idaho, now in Southeastern Idaho.

INDIANA

1. Miami Nation of Indiana, petitioned 4/20/80; acknowledgement declined, 8/17/92

2. Northern Cherokee Tribe of Indiana, petitioned 7/26/85

3.  Upper Kiskopo Band of the Shawnee Nation, petitioned 4/10/91

4.  Wea Indian Tribe, , Established 2000, 715 Park Avenue, Lafayette, Indiana, 47904

www.wea-indian-tribe.com

WeaTribe@wea-indian-tribe.com

5. Wea Indian Tribe of Indiana, Established 2004, 643 Mulberry St., Clinton, Indiana 47842

admin@weaindiantribe.com http://www.weaindiantribe.com

KANSAS

1. Delaware- Muncie Tribe, petitioned 6/19/78

2. Kaweah Indian Nation 

P.O. Box 48003, Wichita, Kansas, 316-943-0378

3. Swan Creek & Black River Chippewas

4. United Tribe of Shawnee Indians

5. Wyandot Nation of Kansas

LOUISIANA

1. Adai Caddo Tribe; Chief Rufus Davis, Chairman; 4500 Hwy. 485, Robeline, LA 71469 (318) 472-8680 (318) 472-8684

2. Caddo Adala Indians, Inc., petitioned 9/13/93

3. Choctaw- Apache Indian Community, petitioned 7/2/78

4. Clifton- Choctaws, petitioned 3/22/78

5. Jena Band of Choctaws, petitioned 2/2/79, acknowledged

6. Kispoko Sept of Ohio Shawnee, Letter of Intent to Petition on October 19, 2007 to the Office of Federal Acknowledgment (OFA). Also, filed for recognition in Louisiana. Hog Creek Reservation, P.O. Box 531592, New Orleans, LA 70153 (504) 599-7845 (504) 589-4442 Scott.Beemer@dhs.gov

7. United Houma Nation, petitioned 7/10/79; proposed funding in progress

MAINE

1. Aroostook Band of Micmacs

2. Maliseet Tribe

MARYLAND

1. Piscataway- Conoy Confederacy & Sub-Tribes, Inc., petitioned 2/22/78

2. Piscataway Indians, has not petitioned

3. Youghiogaheny River Band Of Shawnee Indians

MASSACHUSETTS

1. Narragansett Tribal of Indians — didn’t they get rec? won a big landclaim in the 1970’s, recognized in Rhode Island

2. Nipmuc Tribal Council of Massachusetts (Hassanamisco Band), petitioned 4/22/80

3. Nipmuc Tribal Council of Massachusetts (Chaubunagungamang Band), petitioned 4/22/80

4. Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe, petitioned 7/7/75

Federally Recognized on February, 15, 2007

5. Wampanoag Tribal Council of Gay Head, Inc.

MICHIGAN

1. Burt Lake Band of Ottawa & Chippewa Indians, Inc., 9/12/85

2. Consolidated Bahwetig Ojibwas and Mackinacs, 12/4/79

3. Grand River Band of Ottawa Indians 

4. Gunlake Village Band of Grand Lake Ottawa Indians, state recognized, 6/24/92

5. Lake Superior Chippewa of Marquette, Inc. 

6. Swan Creek and Black River Chippewa, 5/4/93

MINNESOTA

1. Kah-Bay-Kah-Nong (Warroad ChIppewa), petitioned 2/12/79

2. Kettle River Band of Ojibwe (currently forming the Hinckley and Sandstone Communities of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe)

3. Mendota M’dewakanton Dakota Community

4. Ni-Mi-Win Ojibways (is this Rice Lake Band?)

5. Rice Lake Band of Ojibwe (currently forming the East Lake Community of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe)

6. Snake River Band of Ojibwe (currently forming the Pine City Community of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe)

7. Sandy Lake Band of Ojibwe (currently forming the Sandy Lake Community of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe)

Clarification: The Sandy Lake Band of Ojibwe is seeking restoration of federal recognition that was administratively abolished when the BIA placed our lands under the administrative control of another tribe (Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe) regardless of our distinct cultures, history, traditions and community leaders. In addition, our tribal lands are located 75 miles from the Mille Lacs Indian Reservation and our Sandy Lake Band of Ojibwe tribal members are not enrolled with the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe.~Sandra Skinaway, Sandy Lake Band of Mississippi Ojibwe www.sandylakeojibwe.org

8. St. Croix Band of Ojibwe (those east of the St. Croix River are federally recognized; those west of the St. Croix River are not recognized and form the Lake Lena Community of the Mille Lacs Band of Ojibwe).

MISSISSIPPI

Grand Village Natchez Indian Tribe

MISSOURI

1. Dogwood Band of Free Cherokees 

2. Northern Cherokee Nation of the Old Louisiana Territory, petitioned 2/19/92

3. Northern Cherokee Tribe of Indians, 7/26/85

MONTANA

1. Little Shell Tribe of Chippewas of Montana, state recognized; petitioned 4/28/78

2. Swan Creek & Black River Chippewa

NEVADA

Pahrump Band of Paiutes, petitioned 11/9/87

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Abenaki Nation

NEW JERSEY

1. Nanaticoke Lenni- Lennapes of New Jersey, Inc. (state recognized)

2. Osprey Band of Free Cherokees; Powhatan-Renape Nation (state recognized)

3.  Ramapough Mountain (Munsee) Indians (state recognized), 8/14/79

NEW MEXICO

1. Canoncito Band of Navajos — A Chapter of the Navajo Nation; petitioned for independent federal recognition 7/31/89

2. Piro/Manso/Tiwa Indian Tribe of the Pueblo of San Juan de Guadelupe, 1/18/71

3. Tiwa Indian Tribe

NEW YORK

1. Deer Council of Free Cherokees, Brooklyn, NY

2. Montauk Indian Tribe 

3. Shinnecock Indian Nation, Church Street; PO Box 5006, Southampton, NY 11969-5006, 631-283-6143 fax: (631) 283-0751 nationsfedrec@optonline.net www.shinnecocknation.com

4. Unkechague Poosepatuck Tribe

NORTH CAROLINA

1. Cherokees of Hoke County, petitioned 9/20/83; determined ineligible to petition, 10/23/89

2. Cherokee Powhattan Indian Association, petitioned 9/7/84

3. Cherokees of Robison & Adjoining Cos., petitioned 2/1/79; determined ineligible to petition, 10/23/89

4. Coharie Intra- Tribal Council (state recognized), petitioned 3/13/81

5. Coree Indians, petitioned 8/5/78

6. Faircloth Indian Tribe

7. Haliwa Saponi Indian Tribe (state recognized), petitioned 1/27/79

8. Hattadare Indian Tribe, petitioned 1/27/79

9. Hatteras Tuscarora, petitioned 6/24/78; determined ineligible to petition, 10/23/89

10. Hollister – Sapone Indian Tribe

11. Kaweah Indian Nation, Inc., 4/28/80; acknowledgement declined, 6/10/85

12. Lumbee Tribe of North Carolina (state recognized), http://www.lumbeetribe.com petitioned 1/17/80; determined ineligible to petition 10/23/89. The Lumbee were recognized by the state of North Carolina in 1885. In 1956 the US Congress recognized the Lumbee as Indian, but denied the tribe full status as a federally recognized Indian tribe.

13. Meherrin Indian Tribe (state recognized), petitioned 8/2/90

14. Roanoke-Hatteras Indian Tribe

15. Santee Tribe, White Oak Community, 6/4/79

16. Sappony Tribe. Descend from a band of the Saponi Nation

17. Tuscarora Tribe, petitioned 2/25/81; determined ineligible to petition, 10/23/89

18. Tuscarora Nation of North Carolina, petitioned11/19/85; determined ineligible to petition, 10/23/89

19. United Lumbee Nation of North Carolina and America, petitioned 4/28/80; acknowledgement denied 7/2/85 (Bogus??)

20. Waccamaw Siouan Tribe (state recognized); petitoned 10/16/92

NORTH DAKOTA

1. Christian Pembina Chippewa Indians, petitioned 6/26/84

2. Little Shell Band of the North Dakota Tribe, petitioned 11/11/75

OHIO

1. Alleghenny Nation (Ohio Band)

2. Northeast Miami Inter- Tribal Council, 4/9/79

3. Piqua Sept of Ohio Shawnees, 4/16/91

4. Shawnee Nation United Remnant Band, 3/13/79

OKLAHOMA

1. Cataba Tribal Association 

2. Delaware Tribe of Eastern Oklahoma, petitioned 1/6/93 determined ineligible to petition, 2/24/94

3. Northern Chicamunga Cherokee Nation of Arkansas and Missouri, 9/5/91

4. Yuchi Tribal Organization, 10/5/90

OREGON

1. Celilio-Wyam Indian Community, intertribal with joint use property in federal trust

2. Chetco Tribe

3. Chinook Indian tribe, 7/23/89, funding in progress

4. Clatsop-Nehalem Confederated Tribes, Date of application unknown

http://www.clatsop-nehalem.com/index.html Joseph H. Scovell, P.O. Box 518, Turner, OR 97392-0518

5. Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua & Siuslaw (Federally Recognized and Restored in 1984)

6. Coquille Tribe (Federally Recognized and Restored in 1989)

7. Klamath Reservation

8. Northwest Cherokee Wolf Band of Southeast Cherokee Confederacy, 3/9/78; acknowledgement declined, 11/25/85

9. Tchinouk Indians, 5/16/79; acknowledgement declined, 3/17/86

10. Tolowa- Tututni Tribe, no info, Tolowa Nation in CA petitioning

SOUTH CAROLINA

1. Catawba Tribe of South Carolina – Re-recognized 1996

2. Chicora-Siouan Indian People, petitioned 2/10/93

3. Edisto Tribe

4. Four Hole Indian Organization, petitioned 12/30/76

5. Santee Tribe, doesn’t make any sense for SC, they are MN/Nebraska recognized tribe

6. Summerville Indian Group 

TENNESSEE

1. Cumberland Creek Indian Confederation

2. Elk Valley Council Band of Free Cherokees

3. Etowah Cherokee Nation. petitioned 12/31/90

4. Red Clay Band of S.E. Cherokee Confederacy, petitioned 3/9/78; acknowledgement declined, 11/25/85

TEXAS

1. Creek Indians of Texas at Red Oak

2. Tap Pilam Coahuiltecan Nation

3. Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas Recognized by the State of Texas in a ceremony on May 18, 2009  http://www.lipanapache.org  http://www.manataka.org/page1432.html

4. Lipan Apache Band of Texas; http://www.lipanapachebandoftexas.com/main.html Daniel Castro Romero, Jr.
General Council Chairman, 1306 S. 9th Avenue, Edinburgh, Texas 78539-5545 lipanchief@yahoo.com

UTAH

1. Cedar City Band of Paiutes

2. Northeast Band of Shoshone Indians 

3. White Mesa Ute Council 

VERMONT

1. Abenaki Nation

2. St. Francis/Skokoki Band of Abenakis of Vermont, 4/15/80

VIRGINIA

1. Chickahominy Indian Tribe, state recognized

2. East Chickahominy Indian Tribe, state recognized

3. Monacan Indian Tribe, state recognized

4. Nansemond Indian Tribal Association, state recognized

5. Nansemond Indian Tribal Association, state recognized

6. Pamunkey Nation, state recognized. Federally Recognized on July 2, 2015

7. United Rappahannock Tribe, state recognized; 11/16/79

8. Upper Mattaponi Tribe, state recognized, 11/29/79

WASHINGTON

1. Chinook Indian Tribe, Inc., petitioned 7/23/79

2. Cowlitz Tribe of Indians, petitioned 9/17/75 – Recognized

3. Duwamish Indian Tribe, petitioned 6/7/77

4. Jamestown Clallam – Recognized

5. Marietta Band of Nooksacks

6. Mitchell Bay Band

7. Noo-Wha-Ha Band 

8. Samish Indian Tribe – Recognized

9. Snohomish Tribe of Indians, petitioned 3/3/75

10. Snoqualamie Indian Tribe – Recognized

11. Snoqualmoo Tribe of Whidbey Island, petitioned 4/15/80

12. Steilacoom Tribe, petitioned 8/28/73

WISCONSIN

Brotherton Indians of Wisconsin, petitioned 4/15/80

WYOMING

Northwest Band of Shoshone Nation

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