1855 – Native Nations on Reservation Lands and Population in Alphabetical Order

Census of Indian tribes of the United States 1855-7 with whom the Government communicated by Local or General Agents included 189 and noted as 313,264 persons for the total tribes on government reservations. No known tally was taken of native people not found on reservations. Having lost 1/3 minimally of the tribe in moves, and calculating that sometimes up to half fled government intervention, the count of native people prior to European establishment could have possibly reached the millions. (The Census was a bit ambiguous so there may have been some duplications or unnoted spots of natives. The author sought to be as accurate as able with the inconsistencies in the original records.) The key nations are in bold. The total for that nation are noted with T -. Subbands are located under the nation’s grouping. If there are subbands below that band, it is further indented.

 

Adees: Of Texas: 350

Algonquins: of East Coast: 17,197

Southeast:

Tonkawas: 400 (From Waco meaning ‘they all stick together.’)

Anadahkoes, Caddoes, & Ionies: of Texas: 1,400

N’de/ Inde/ Tinde (ancient names) /Apaches: T – 13,220 (Meaning is ‘people.’ Zuni’s called them apachu for ‘enemy’.)

Aravaipa

Chiricahua

Cibecue

Jicarilla

Kiowa

Lipan

Mescalero

Tonto

Western

White Mountain

of Arkansas River: 320

                                of New Mexico: 7,000

of Texas: 3,500

Apaches & Muscaleros: of Texas: 1,000

Euquatops: of Texas: 2,000 (Later included in Apaches numbers.)

Apalaschicolas: 265

Arickarees: T – 2,600

of upper Missouri River: 800

Arickarees/Ricaree/Rees (1847): 1,800

Arrapahoes: of Arkansas & Platte Rivers, Kansas: 3,000

Assinaaboines: of upper Missouri River: 8,900

Bedies: 62

Blackfoot: T – 12,780

                of Upper Missouri River/Nebraska: 9,530

Bloods: of Upper Missouri: 1,612

Gros Ventres: of Upper Missouri River: 1,212

Gros Ventres: of the Prairies: 2,500

                Minatarees: of Upper Missouri River: 2,500

Piegans: 30,000

Brothertons: of Wisconsin in 1847: 600 (By 1857 this tribe assimilated into European/American culture.)

Caddoes & Cadrons: of Texas: 1,423

California Indians: T – 60,600 (some not accounted for but the total was noted)

Of Klamath: 2,500

Of Nome Lacke: 5,000

Of Mendocino: 500

Of Fresno: 1,337

Of Tejon: 700

Of San Diego & San Bernardino Counties: 8,000

Of Los Angelos, Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, Monterey, Santa Clara, & Santa Cruz Counties:                                    2,000

Of Tulare & Mariposa Counties: 3,407

Of Mercedes: 280

Of Toulumne, Calaveras, San Joaquin, Alameda & Contra Costa Counties: n                            4,100

Of Sacramento, Eldorado, & Placer Counties: 3,500

Of Sutter, Yuba, Nevada, & Sierra Counties: 3,500

Of Butte, Shasta, & Siskiyou Counties: 5,500

Of Klamath, Humboldt, & Trinity Counties: 6,500

Of Mendocino, Colusi, Yolo, Napa, Sonoma, & Marin Counties: 15,000

Catawabs & Eries: of N. & S. Carolina: 200

Cherokees: T – 23,934

of West of Arkansas: 21,709

of N. Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, & Alabama: 2,200

of Texas: 25

Cheyennes: of Arkansas & Platte Rivers: 2,800

Chickasaw: West of Arkansas: 5,822

Chinooks: of Washington: 300                    

Chippewas: T – 16,264; with mixed tribes – 5,388

of Lake Superior including Michigan, Minnesota & Wisconsin: 12,500

of Mississippi: 2,206

of Saginaw: 1,340

of Swan Creek & Black River: 1    Chippewas & Ottawas: 5,152

Chippewas, Ottowas, & Pottawattamies: 236

Choctaw: T – 23,707

of West of Arkansas: 22,707

of Mississippi: 1,000

Comanches (from Shoshone band): T – 23,600

of New Mexico Territory: ?

of Arkansas River: 3,600

Yampaticara of Texas: 20,000

Creeks (from Muscogees & Muscogules) & ancient Alabamas: T – 30,419

Ancient Utchees tribe with Creek: 12

Of west of Arkansas: 27,757

Of Alabama: 100

Of Texas: 50

Creeks & Seminoles: 2,500

Crees/Kelistenos: of Upper Missouri River: 800

Crows/Absarokas:  T – 8,010

of Upper Missouri River: 3,360

of Rocky Mountains/Yellowstone Valley: 4,650

Dakotas/Sioux: T – 27,423

Of Minnesota (from Mississippi bands): 6,383

Of Upper Missouri River (from Missouri bands): 15,440

Of Platte & Arkansas Rivers (from Plains bands): 5,600

Flatheads/Sisitka: T – 6,806

                Eastof Rocky Mountains, heads of Missouri:350

West: of Oregon, & Washington: 410

Of Sacramento Valley: 3,023

Salish: 320

San Juan: 568

Santa Clara: 279

San IldeFonso: 139

Sandia: 241

Santa Ana: 399

San Felipe: 411

San Dominga: 666

Fox/Reynards (French name): ?

Iowas: of Kansas Territory: 616

Iroquois: T – 12,269

of New York of 1847: 3,753

Cayugas: of New York: 143

Mohawks: ?

Moques of New Mexico: 2,450

Oneidas: T – 1,227

Of New York: 249

Of Green Bay, Wisconsin: 978

Onandagas: 407

                Onondagoes: of New York: 470

Neosho (ancient name)/Seneca: T – 5,279; mixed tribes: 320

of New York: 2,557

of West of Arkansas (from Sandusky): 180

of Cattaragus: 1,173

of Buffalo: 30

of Allehany: 778

of Tonawanda: 561

Senecas & Shawnees: of West of Arkansas (Lewistown): 320

St. Regis: of New York: 450

Tuscaroras: of New York: 280

Kansas: T – 2,832

of Arkansas River: 1,375

of Texas: 1,457

Kaskaskias:

Kaskaskias, Peorias, Weas, & Piankashaws of Kansas Territory: 220

Kaskaskias, Peorias, & Mitchigamas of the Wabash, Indiana near Illinois: 300

Keechies, Wacoes, & Towacarros: of Texas: 300

Kickapoos: T – 1344

of Kansas Territory: 344

of Lake Superior: 400

of Texas: 600

Killamuck, Konic & Kathlamet: of Oregon: 200

Kiowas:  T – 6,212

of Texas: 1,500

of Arkansas River: 2,800

Of Red River & Kansas Territory: 1,918

Mandans: of Upper Missouri River: 1,500 reduced by small pox in 1838 to 250

Menomonees/Folle Voines: of Wisconsin: 2,215

Miamies: T – 560

Of Kansas Territory: 207

Of Indiana: 353

Weas: ?

Minatarees: of Upper Missouri River: 2,500

Mohigans: T – 2,778, mix – 650

Stockbridges: of Kansas Territory: 13

Stockbridges: of Wisconsin: 400

Delawares (of Mahingans & Loups): T – 2,365; mixed tribes – 650

Of Kansas Territory: 902

Of N. Branch of Susquehanna: 150

Of Beaver Creek between Ohio River & Lake Erie: 600

Of Texas (from Northeast Coast): 63 (The chiefs of this nation in Texas was asked to number their people. ‘Having no system of numbers, they enumerated only with their fingers, or by means of bundles of sticks. They brought me a bundle of sticks for each tribe…which I consider very accurate.’ These are the most ancient means of counting known as Body Counting which is using parts of the body (fingers) to show a number, and Counting without Numbers which is using another object to equal the items counted or marking another object that represents the objects counted. Page 699 Footnote of History of the Indian Tribes of the United States: Their Present Condition and Prospects, and a Sketch of their Ancient Status. Published by Order of Congress, Under the Direction of the Department of the Interior – Indian Bureau.  by Henry R. Schoolcraft, LL.D. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co. 1857 edition.)

Delawares & Shawnees of Texas: 650

Munsees: of Kansas Territory: 44

Nadowasie (ancient name)/Sioux/ Dakota/Lakota/Nakota: T –  

                Eastern or Santee:

M’dewakanton

Santee

Sisseton

Wahpekute

Wahpeton

Central:

Yankton

Yanktonai/Little Yankton

Western/Teton:

Blackfoot Sioux

Brule’

Hunkpapa

Miuneconjou

Oglala

Sans Arc/No Bows

Teton

Two Kettle

Otchente Chakowin

                Sioux: 

                                of Mississippi: 8,944

of Minnesota (from Mississippi bands): 6,383

Of upper Missouri River (from Missouri bands): 15,440

Of Platte & Arkansas River (from the Plains bands): 5,600

Mendawakantons: ?

Ogellalas: of upper Missouri: 1850: 1500; 1857: 875 (Smallpox                                                epidemic.)

Sissitons: ?

Wahkpatons

Yanctons: 1,763

Yanctonas & Yanctonwas: 6,000

Nambe: of New Mexico, Pueblo: 111

Narragansett: of Massachusetts: (1825) 420

Navajos: of New Mexico Territory: 7,500

New Mexico Indians: T – 5,900

Yutas of Grande Unita River: 3,000

Yutas, of Southern New Mexico: 1,400

Zunis: of New Mexico Pueblos of ancient Cibola: 1,500

Nez Perces: of Oregon: 1,600

Ogellas: of Upper Missouri (1850): 1,500

(1857): 875

Omahas: of Nebraska Territory: 1,500

Otoes: 750

Ottowas: 1,667

Oregon Territory Tribes: T – 22,561

North Oregon: T – 7,103:

Cayuse: 126

Coeur de’Alenes: 200

Colville: 320

Dalles: 482

Des Chutes: 300

Klikatat: 492

Lower Pend d’Oreilles: 520

Upper Pend d’Oreilles: 480

Mission: 210

Nez Perces: 1,880

Okonagan: 250

Pelouse: 181

Rock Island: 300

Sinhumanish/Spokan: 232

Walla-walla: 130

Yakama: 1000

Oregon: T – 14,993

Calipoa: 60

Calooit: 200

Cascades: 100

Catelamet: 58

Cayuse: 800

Chehalis: 300

Clackamas: 60

Clatacamin:  250

Clatsaconin: 300

Clatsop: 50

Clickatais: 85

Coeur d’ Alene: 400

Colespelin: 1,200

Colville/Little Flathead: 800

Coutenay: 400

Des Chutes: 300

Flatheads/Salish: 320

Hilleamuck: 200

Hokamish:  500

Nez Perces: 1,600

Oukinagans: 700

Paloos: 300

Ponderas/Squealilips: 1,200

Ponishta Bonacks of Snake River: 550

Sempoiles: 500

Shoshonies: 2,000 (One tribe alone was 700.)

Spokane: 1,000

Sualtine: 60

Tucanoh: 700

Umpqua: 200

Walla-walla: 1,000

Wascopan: 200

Williamette: 20

Tontonic tribes of Southern Oregon: T – 1290

Cheattee: 176

Chetlessetan: 51

Chockreletan: 95

Cosulhentan: 27

Maquelnoten: 124

Nasomah: 59

Quahtomah: 133

Saquaacha: 50

Sistioosta: 153

Tototen: 120

Whistanatin: 60

Yah Shutes: 120

Yuquache: 102

Pacific coast of Oregon: T  – 1285

Calapelins: 1,225

Calipoas: 60

Osages/Washbasha/Washbashaws (1847): of West of Arkansas: 4,941

Ottawas: of Kansas Territory: 249

Ottoes & Missourias: Of Nebraska Territory: 550

Ottowas: 1,212

Passamaquoddies (1825): 379

Pawnees & Arickarees: of Nebraska Territory: 4,000

Penobscots: (1825) 297

Peorias: 112

Plankashaws: 135

Plankeshaws, Wea, Peorias & Kaskaskias: of Kansas Territory: 220

Poncas: of Nebraska Territory: 800

Pottawattamies: 3,383

of Huron, Michigan: 45

of Michigan: 2

Pueblos: Of New Mexico Territory: 8,389

Acoma: 350 (Band of reclaimed Pueblo.)

Cia: 124

Cochiti: 254

Isletta: 751

Jenies: 365

Laguna: 749

Lentis: 210

Nambe: 111

Picaris: 236

Pojodque: 48

San Felipe: 411

San Ildefonso 139

San Juan: 568

Sandia: 241

Santa Clara: 279

Santa Domingo: 666

Santana: 399

Soccorro: 120

Taos: 361

Tawacarros: 380

Tesuque: 11

Quapaws: of West of Arkansas: 314

Sacs & Foxes: T – 2269

Of Kansas Territory (from Mississippi): 2,089

Of Kansas Territory (from Missouri): 180

Seminoles: T – 3000

Of West of Arkansas: 2,500

Of Florida: 500

Senecas: T –

Of New York: 2,557

Of West of Arkansas (from Sanducky): 180

Senecas & Shawnees: of West of Arkansas (from Lewistown): 270

Senecas & Tonawandas: 602

Senpoils: of Oregon: 500

Shawnees:

of Kansas Territory: 1,225

Shawanoes & Oshawanoes:  7, 925

Shinecocks: of New York: 160

Shoshonees including Bonacks of Rocky Mountains: 1,850

Skagets: 500

Skeywamish: 450

Sinnamish: 350

Souriquois (1825): 300

Snakes: 450

Snoquamish: 500

Snoqualamick: 350

Sualtine: 60

Suchamier: 15

Sissitons/Taos (1850): 3,000

Stockbridges: T – 253

Of Kansas Territory: 13

Of Wisconsin: 240

St. Regis: of New York: 450

Tesuque: 119

Tilhualwits: 200

Tonahiras: of Texas: 650

Tonkawas: of Texas: 400

Totonic Bands: of Oregon: 1,260

Tucanoh: of Oregon: 700

Umpquas: 200

Utahs: T – 15,500

Of Utah Territory: 12,000

Of Salt Lake Valley: Shoshone & Algonquin & Apache: 7,000

Of New Mexico Territory: 2,500

Bonacks/Ponacks: Of Rocky Mountians: 1000

Bonacks/Ponacks: of California & Oregon: ?

Virginia Tribes: 

Nottowas: 47 (Last of this tribe.)

Wacos: of Texas: 300

Wandering Indians: Comanches, Cheyennes, & other tribes: New Mexico Territory: 17,000

Washington Territory Indians: T – 14,137

of Washington Territory: 14,000

Cowlitz: of Washington Territory: 137

Of East of Cascade: 6,500

Of West of Cascade: 7,553

Witchitas: of Texas: 950

Winnebagoes: T – 2,754

                Of Minnesota Territory: 2,546

                Of Kansas Territory: 208

Wyandots: of Kansas Territory: 554

Yacaws: of Pacific Coast: 1,500

Yam Hill Indians: 90

Yanctons: 1,763

Yanctonas & Yanctonwas: 6,000

(History of the Indian Tribes of the United States: Their Present Condition and Prospects, and a Sketch of their Ancient Status. Published by Order of Congress, Under the Direction of the Department of the Interior – Indian Bureau.  by Henry R. Schoolcraft, LL.D. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co. 1857 edition. Pg 690.)

Research and compiling of this work was done by karenwhitedove aka: Karen M. Johnson in 2019 for her book Our Forefathers.

This is an exclusive work of karenwhitedove  aka: Karen M. Johnson and is to be credited to my work. You are welcomed to copy and share with the site location and author noted. Thank you, this list took HOURS of research to document! If there are errors, please let us know.

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